LZ Online

For readers new to Zukofsky, the following links offer places to start:


Scroggins, Mark. “Louis Zukofsky.”
[A biographical essay. The Modern American Poetry page on LZ also offers diverse commentary on “To my wash-stand” and “‘Mantis’”].

Poetry Foundation. Louis Zukofsky 1904-1978.
[An introductory article with links to an overview of LZ’s publications in Poetry magazine with slideshow of images and to an introductory talk by Mark Scroggins emphasizing LZ’s Jewish context and relations].

PennSound has an extensive collection of recordings by LZ (see details at Recordings by LZ page).


Online essays, papers and talks on LZ


Amato, Joe. “Richard Powers after Louis Zukofsky: A Prospectus of the Sky” (1997).

Bernstein, Charles. “Introduction to Louis Zukofsky: Selected Poems” (American Poets Project of the Library of America, 2006).

Eastman, Andrew. “Estranging the Classic: The Zukofskys’ Catullus.” La Revue LISA VII.2 (U of Caen, France 2009). [excellent consideration of Catullus].

Filreis, Al. Poem Talk #22 on “Anew 12” [“It’s hard to see but think of a sea”]. Moderated by Al Filreis with Charles Bernstein, Wystan Curnow and Bob Perlman.
Jacket 2 has an edited transcript of this talk.
Also a brief followup comment, “Poetic Electricity,” by poet and engineer Aryanil Mukherfee.
And a further followup discussion by the Jacket 2 Poetry and Science Panelists, Gilbert Adair, Peter Middleton, Rae Armantrout, James Harvey, Amy Catanzano and Joan Retallack.

Finkelstein, Norman and Harvey Shapiro. “Discussion on Objectivist Poets.” Moderated by Bob Perelman. PennSound (2005).

Foley, Jack. “Taking Liberties: Louis Zukofsky.” Contemporary Poetry Review (2007). [review of Selected Poems].

Gallagher, Ryan. “Notes on Translating: Beginning with some thoughts on Zukofsky’s Shakespeare and Catullus.” Exquisite Corpse 9 (Summer 2001).

Gilonis, Harry. “’Close eye and gross sigh’, or, ‘Art is Art, and Everything Else is Everything Else'” (2001). [more a talk with than directly about the first half of “A”-9].

Grenier, Robert. “Memorial Day Meditation on two lines from Louis Zukofsky’s ‘A’-22.” Eclipse.

Grumman, Bob. “M@h*(pOet)?ica—Louis Zukofsky’s Integral.” Scientific American (22 Sept. 2012).

Gyorgy, Andras. “‘Light lights in air’: Value, Price, Profit and Louis Zukofsky’s Poetry.” World Socialist Web Site (3 Feb. 2016) [introductory overview from a Trotskyite perspective].

Heller, Michael. “Lecture on Louis Zukofsky at Naropa Institute,” 2 parts. PennSound (1987).

Hoffman, Eric. “An Examination of Louis Zukofsky.” Mental Contagion (Aug. and July 2005). Part 1 and Part 2 [two-part overview].

Ivry, Jonathan. “A Poet.” Tablet Magazine (2009) [overview].

Jesse, Tom. “Kenneth Burke, Louis Zukofsky and the Comic Framing of ‘A’-23.” (2013).

Jones, Peter. “Louis Zukofsky.” Poetry Nation (London) 5 (1975).

Kalck, Xavier. “The Question of Sincerity in Objectivist Poetry.” GRAAT 8 (Aug. 2010).

___. “Formalism as Mysticism: Reading Jewish American Poets Louis Zukofsky and Charles Reznikoff.” Anglophonia/Caliban 35 (2014).

Lyons, Graham. “Citation as Explanation: Walter Benjamin and Louis Zukofsky, Colporteurs.” Jacket 36 (2008).

Niedecker, Lorine. “The Poetry of Louis Zukofsky.” Quarterly Review of Literature (1956).

___. “A Review of Louis Zukofsky’s A Test of Poetry.” Capital Times (Madison, WI) 18 December 1948.

O’Leary, Peter. “The Energies of Words.” Poetry Online (2009). [an account and critical examination of the 1931 “Objectivists” issue of Poetry].

Parker, Richard. “Walter Pater—Imagism—Objectivist Verse.” Victorian Network 3.1 (Special Bulletin, 2011): 22-40.

Perelman, Bob. “Nine Contemporary Poets Read Themselves Through Modernism.” PennSound (2000).

Resnikoff, Ariel. “Louis Zukofsky and Mikhl Likht, A Test of Jewish American Modernist Poetics, Part One – With special reference to Zukofsky’s ‘Poem beginning “The.”’” Jacket 2 (10 Sept. 2013).

Scroggins, Mark. “A Note on [Oppen’s] ‘The Lighthouses.” Big Bridge (2008). [on Oppen’s poem as a response to LZ].

Sharp, Tom. “Objectivists” 1927-1934: A Critical History of the Work and Association of Louis Zukofsky, William Carlos Williams, Charles Reznikoff, Carl Rakosi, Ezra Pound and George Oppen. 1982 Dissertation, updated Nov. 2015.

___. “The ‘Objectivists’ Publications” (originally published in Sagetrieb (Winter 1984)).

Turquety, Benoît. “L’image-arrêt. Pound, Zukofsky, Mallarmé, Huillet et Straub: poésie cinéma.” Fabula-LhT, n° 2, décembre 2006.

Ware, Joshua. “How Do You Create a Zukofsky Without Organs?” (May 2008). [Deleuzian reading of LZ].

Twitchell-Waas, Jeffrey. Z-Notes: Commentary on LZ. [essays on individual works].

Zukofsky, Paul. “Why 4 Other Countries or Dear Charles, This Is All Your Fault.” PEPC Library (2008).


The Louis Zukofsky Centennial Conference

Columbia University & Barnard College

17 – 19 September, 2004 — Conference program and papers


Many of the conference papers and readings, some in significantly fuller form, are also available in Jacket 30.

The following papers on-line at the Conference site with those in Jacket 30 also indicated:

Tim Woods, “Zukofsky at Columbia” (Jacket 30)

Norman Finkelstein, “Comparisons and Criteria: Testing the Test of Poetry”

Rachel Blau DuPlessis, “A Test of Poetry and Conviction” (Jacket 30)

Bob Perelman, “‘Now Put Down Your Pencils’: Anxiety and Touchstones” (Jacket 30 as “Zukofsky at 100: Zukofsky as a Body of Work”)

Marjorie Perloff, “From “A”-22 to Oulipo: Zukofsky’s French Connection”

Richard Sieburth, “Pound, Zukofsky, Calvalcanti”

Helene Aji, “Useless, Usable, Useful: Louis Zukofsky’s American Designs” (Jacket 30)

Steve Shoemaker, “Modern Times: Objectivist ‘’Movies’ and Thinking Matter in Louis Zukofsky’s Poems of the Thirties, Or, The Behavior of Objects in the Gas Age” (Jacket 30)

Jeffrey Twitchell-Waas: “Spinozian Poetics in Zukofsky’s Late Works”

Chris Beyers, “History, Affect, Ideology: Louis Zukofsky and Collage Form”

Abigail Lang, “The Remembering Words or «how zukofsky used words»” (Jacket 30)

David Huntsperger, “Sincerity, Objectification, and Baroque Instability: Zukofsky’s Hybrid Poetics.”

Barbara Cole, “‘Wedded Words: On the dim tide’ of Feminist Criticism and Louis Zukofsky”

Jessica Smith, “Valentine for the Future: Zukofsky’s Alternate Poetics”

Peter Quartermain, “Thinking with the Poem.” (Jacket 30) Rpt. Golden Handcuffs Review 1.5 (Summer/Fall 2005).

Henry Weinfield, “Oppen’s (Bronkian) Reaction against Zukofskyan Objectivism”

Paul Stephens, “LZ and Aristotle” (Jacket 30 as “Zukofsky, Aristotle, Objectivism, Biology”)

Rob Fiterman, “1-800-FLOWERS: Inventory as Poetry in Zukofsky’s 80 Flowers, an essay in verse” (Jacket 30)

Benoît Turquety, “‘Our St. Matthew Passion’: Louis Zukofsky and Film” (Jacket 30)

Poets’ tributes:

Jerome Rothenberg, “Louis Zukofsky: A Reminiscence” (Jacket 30); also at Rothenberg’s blog “Poems and Peotics.”

Bruce Andrews , “What’s the Word: An Essay on Reading” (Jacket 30)

Ben Friedlander, “For Zukofsky/100” (Jacket 30)

Robert Grenier, “A Letter to Peter Quartermain” (Jacket 30)


Flash Point #7: Louis Zukofsky Centennial (Summer 2004)


Essays and poetic tributes:

Kevin Fitzgerald, “Zukofsky’s ‘A’ and Joyces’ Ulysses: Epics of Fragmentation.”

Bradford Haas, “Holding Up the Mirror and No More: Louis Zukofsky’s ‘1892-1941.’”

___. Review of The Writing of Guillaume Apollinaire and the Correspondence with William Carlos Williams.

Burt Kimmelman, “’Art new, hurt old’: “A”, Ulysses, and Modernist Intertextuality.”

Mark Scroggins, “Blood to the Ghosts: Biography and the New Modernist Studies (with special reference to Louis Zukofsky).”

Poets’ tributes:

Rosmarie Waldrop, “An Objective”

Hugh Seidman, “Zuk Tape”

Thomas A. Clark, “’a horizontal branch’”

Mark Kuniya, “Zukofsky’s Ashtray”


Re-Reading Bottom: Symposium on Louis Zukofsky’s Bottom: on Shakespeare

SUNY Buffalo, 31 Oct. – 1 Nov. 2003


The following Workshop papers or abstracts are on-line:

Antony Adolf, “Epic Criticism / Critical Epics”

Gregg Biglieri, “No Ideas But Eyed Ears”

Stephen Collis, “At the Bottom of Avon River: A Partial Alphabet of Objects for Louis Zukofsky and HD”

Kaplan P. Harris, “Bottom Up: Zukofsky’s Henry Adams”

Nick Lawrence, “Dreaming in Characters”

Sasha Steensen, “At Face Value: Bones among the Epitaphs”

Paul Stephens, “‘Harsh Advice to Scholars’: Humanistic, Anti-Historical, and New Critical Elements in Bottom: on Shakespeare

Michael Cross, “‘For want of the image of a voice'”

Barbara Cole, “‘(Wo)Man (Critic) is but an ass?’: The Bottom Line for Gender Criticism on Zukofsky”

Nick Salvato, “Bottoming Zukofsky”

Jessica Smith, “The Aesthetic Implications of ‘Julia’s Wild'”

Trevor Speller, “Bottom‘s Elisions”

Jeffrey Twitchell-Waas, “‘Words spin’: Spinoza in the Poetics of Zukofsky’s Bottom